Holyblog.com http://192.168.99.122/com Holyart.com Blog Tue, 25 Jul 2017 07:31:35 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.4.10 http://192.168.99.122/com/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2016/04/cropped-logo-32x32.png Holyblog.com http://192.168.99.122/com 32 32 Saint Paul of Tarso: story of a missionary http://192.168.99.122/com/saints-and-blessed/saint-paul-tarso-story-missionary/ Tue, 04 Jul 2017 14:50:46 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=382 Saint Paul of Tarso can be considered the first great missionary of the Christian Church. His work as proselyte and contribution to spreading the Gospel throughout the Mediterranean find no equal. His excellence is even more remarkable because of his conversion, from the fierce persecutor […]

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Saint Paul of Tarso can be considered the first great missionary of the Christian Church. His work as proselyte and contribution to spreading the Gospel throughout the Mediterranean find no equal. His excellence is even more remarkable because of his conversion, from the fierce persecutor of Christians to their pastor and defender. Though he had not personally known Jesus, he was among the most fervent and passionate of his disciples. His own life is a testimony to divine greatness and saving power of Grace.

Saint Paul was born in Tarso, Cilicia, around 5-10 AD. His family was of Jewish origin, but had Roman citizenship. Paul, or Saul as he was called then, grew up in a Jewish culture, and his studies followed the rules of the rabbinical school.

Saint Paul of Tarso statue
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Sent to Jerusalem to study, he had the first contact with Christians, which seemed to him a sect of dangerous subversives that must be extirpated by any means, in the name of the Jewish law.

Growing up, his anti-Christian fervor turned into a real mission. Saint Paul, before becoming the one the important figure we know today, contributed to the arrest and condemnation of countless Christians.

It was while chasing a group of Christians fleeing to Damascus that Paul was caught up by a sudden vision. A light from heaven struck him, making him blind, and a voice asked him, “Saul, Saul, why do you pursue me?” And he: “Who are you, Lord?”; and the voice said: “I am Jesus, the one you pursue. Now rise up and enter the city, where you will be told what you must do “(Acts 9: 3-7).

It was not easy for Saul to understand that call, nor to adapt to his new life. Riddled by his own people, looked suspiciously by those who were accustomed to seeing him as an enemy, he began his preaching armed only with his enthusiasm. The meetings with Peter and the other Apostles made him aware of the life and the Word of Jesus. From then on he began a series of apostolic journeys, often accompanied by the apostle Barnabe and other disciples and friends. He knew persecution and imprisonment by the hand of Jews and Romans, but never stopped, animated by an inexhaustible zeal, and desire for the truth. His mission led him to the martyrdom, in Rome.

The Letters and the texts he left are the foundations of the Doctrine of the Church as we know it.

In his studies and preaching, he analyzed all the arguments related to the earthly life of men and the way to salvation.

In Saint Paul, the Church sees one of his greatest, wisest men, and the first of his preachers.

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Oil 31: Uses, Benefits and Properties http://192.168.99.122/com/monasteries/oil-31-uses-benefits-properties/ Thu, 29 Jun 2017 07:27:49 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=388 Oil 31 is a mixture of natural oils extracted from pharmaceutical plants. Made of 31 essential oils extracted from as many herbs, Oil 31 has many healing, refreshing, balsamic, toning and disinfecting properties. The many uses and benefits that this product can bring to our […]

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Oil 31 is a mixture of natural oils extracted from pharmaceutical plants.

Made of 31 essential oils extracted from as many herbs, Oil 31 has many healing, refreshing, balsamic, toning and disinfecting properties. The many uses and benefits that this product can bring to our health make it one of the most popular and used formulas not only by those who love natural medicine, but by anyone looking for well-being. The herbal plants that make it are endowed with active ingredients and amazing properties that make Oil 31 a perfect cure for a whole range of small and serious disorders.

Which herbs make Oil 31?

Which herbs make Oil 31The herbs that make up the 31 oils vary depending on the recipe chosen for its production. Generally the product is made according to an old Swiss formula, but this can have many variations. The herbs that are always present in Oil 31 are: Peppermint, Orange, Eucalyptus, Juniper, Dill, Salvia, Thyme, Rosemary, Siberian fir, Pine, Cumin, Coriander, Anise, Cinnamon, Cloves, Lavender, Lemon , Bitter Orange, Oregano, Pepper, Boswellia, Vanilla, Patchouli, Melissa, Artemisia, Ylang-Ylang, Jasmine, Fennel, Citronella, Roman Mint, Canfora. Other formulations include myrtle, rose wood, violet, ginseng and many other herbs and plants whose beneficial properties have always been known to humanity. It’s concentrated oil, which has to be used in very small doses. It does not grease and dries quickly.

How much Oil 31 should I use?

Considering the differences between the many formulations available on the market, it’s always better to refer to the dosage reported on the packaging. Depending on whether the product is more or less concentrated, different quantities of drops will be required. However, the quantities are always very small: being a concentrated product, it’s always better not to overuse.

What’s the purpose of Oil 31?

What can we use Oil 31 for? It can be used for many reasons; so many that the versatility of this exceptional product is really amazing! Let’s look at what Oil 31 does and what incredible benefits can bring to different aspects of your life.

Oil 31 is an excellent remedy against cold.Oil 31 is an excellent remedy against cold

Oil 31 has balsamic, expectorant and fluidifying properties that fight the formation of catarrh and simplify its removal, but also offers relief in case of blocked nose and breathing difficulties.

Just put a drop of Oil 31 underneath the nostrils or with the handkerchief used to blow your nose to make your breathing less stressful.

A few drops of oil 31 in a bowl of boiling water will make a balsamic soup that will offer relief to congested nose and throat. Likewise, Oil 31 can be used during Aerosols.

A few drops in the radiator will make the room more welcoming for anyone with irritable or blocked nose. Oil 31 can also be added to milk and honey for a sweet and comforting hot drink for throat and nasal congestion. Mixed with lemon juice, it will be perfect for soothing gargling inflamed throats.

Oil 31 is an effective method to prevent and heal muscular and joint problems.

The anti-inflammatory and pain properties of these herbs not only ease contractures’ pain, for example cervical pain, but also prevent headaches.

10 drops of oil 31 mixed with a body cream is an ideal solution for numbness of muscles and joint pains. It’s enough to spread the ointment obtained on the sore parts for a couple of days, until full absorption. The faint properties of Oil 31 will also be beneficial in case of inflammatory and torsional pain. Few drops on the temples will ease the most persistent headaches.

Oil 31 cleans and disinfects teeth and gums.

To rinse your mouth with a little water and a few drops of Oil 31 will keep your oral cavity clean, and prevent heavy breath even for smokers. Added to the toothpaste on the toothbrush, it gives a nice breath and reinforces the gums. A few drops of Oil 31 in a glass of water are ideal for disinfectant flushing and gargle, or even to soothe irritated gums.

Oil 31 is a powerful antibacterial and antiseptic.

Its formulation allows disinfecting body and home, giving a sense of freshness and cleanness. It can be used to perfume home and cabinets, or added to the diffuser on the heathers to make the air cleaner.

It’s effective against small wounds, itching caused by insect bites and as a natural after-treatment. Its soothing properties heal cuts, scratches and escorts, removing itching and annoyance. It even prevents the dandruff!

Oil 31 - Holyart
Oil 31 – Holyart

Oil 31 eases the belly cramps, even in the case of a menstrual cycle, and helps digestion.

By massaging the belly with a few drops of Oil 31, you’ll get rid of all kinds of abdominal cramps. Two drops swallowed with a little sugar or mixed with a cup of chamomile before each meal helps with digestive problems. Have a cup of chamomile or hot water with 3 drops of Oil 31, a little honey and a few drops of olive oil in the morning before breakfast and in the evening before bedtime is an excellent regulator for your metabolism.

Oil 31 is an incredible cream for swollen legs and feet.

Oil 31 has exceptional refreshing and soothing properties. When the heat makes your legs heavy and your feet swollen, add some drops to the bubble bath and have an invigorating shower; alternatively, add it to the body cream for a relaxing massage and instant relief. Oil 31 is also great for relaxing pedicures and foot massages.

Oil 31 gives energy and tone to body and mind, preventing stress.

Immerse yourself into a hot tub filled with 20 drops of Oil 31 to experience a relaxing and energizing experience, as well as a joy for your breathing.

Combined with massage oil or moisturizer, Oil 31 is excellent for massages of any kind, or simply for a scented and refreshing cuddle.

By itself, or combined with soap, Oil 31 gives freshness and a scent to the whole body.

Oil 31: Some feedback

After describing the incredible properties and benefits of Oil 31, we decided to let our customers speak for us. Below you’ll find some reviews that were written by those who bought the Oil 31 of the Camaldolese monks that you can find here on Holyart.

Michele M.

“Very good. I heard of it before and was pleasantly impressed with the perfume (especially for those who have a cold like me). Fast shipping: it arrived one day after ordering it. Highly recommended”

Massimo T.

“This is the first time I’ve used the product. I found it extremely useful, and it unblocks the nose in case of colds. Also useful when put in the humidifiers of the radiator to purify the air”

Pier M.

“Very useful for massages, or when added to the aerosol in case of colds or bronchitis, or just before going to sleep: some drops on your chest will help you breathe better.”

Ornella F.

“It’s a fantastic product. My right arm hurt for months, I massaged 3 times with Oil 31: the pain is still there, but it’s much lighter. Before I didn’t have any strength … I had a similar problem with my foot: I have arthrosis, and it can be incredibly painful especially when I walk. With Oil 31, I can ease the pain … It’s funny because I never believed in herbs… “

Manuela L.

“It’s an extremely versatile product. I used it for neck massages to find cervical relief. It’s amazing for headaches. I almost have to put it under lockdown since my family loves it too!! I’ll take another one.”

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The story of Mother Teresa of Calcutta http://192.168.99.122/com/saints-and-blessed/story-mother-teresa-calcutta/ Tue, 27 Jun 2017 14:48:37 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=378 We will always remember Mother Teresa of Calcutta for her untiring will to help the last ones, the deprived and poor. Today she is a Saint, celebrated all over the world, and surely one of the most important figures in modern history, awarded with the […]

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We will always remember Mother Teresa of Calcutta for her untiring will to help the last ones, the deprived and poor. Today she is a Saint, celebrated all over the world, and surely one of the most important figures in modern history, awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize and countless other awards.

But we must not forget that she was first of all a woman: a simple woman who has consciously decided to devote all her life to others.

We should never forget this because it’s from this that we can find the will to imitate, in our small, such important and precious figures.

Mother Teresa of Calcutta statue
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Santa Teresa of Calcutta (Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu) was born in Albania. After a difficult childhood with the premature death of her father, she shows an early interest in charity and mercy; she became nun at eighteen and, after a short stay in England and Ireland, she was sent to India. Since very young she showed her love towards this country in her close correspondence with the Jesuit missionaries in Bengal.

Since then, Saint Teresa lived between Calcutta and Darjelling, divided between prayer and charity, until in August 1946 when, while Calcutta was bloodied by independent fights, she was reached by the ‘call within the call’. She understood that she had to leave the quiet life of the convent to fully immerse in the poverty of those who lived in the street. Saint Teresa considered it as a precise order of God.

Since then, even by fighting the rejected of the Church itself, she began her true mission as the poorest among the poor. She abandoned the black veil and assumed citizenship in the newly independent Republic of India. Soon her example was followed by others. Around her began a bigger network of volunteers: their tasks ranged from distributing food, teaching, assisting the sick and dying.

In 1950, Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a congregation devoted to the mercy and care of the poor and those in need. As a robe Mother Theresa chose a white sari with blue stripes, the colors of the caste of the Untouchables.

Mother Teresa’s influence grew rapidly, also thanks to the worldwide media attention. With the help of local and foreign personalities, she opened reception centers and care for the poor, sick and lepers. She received the visit of heads of state, the most powerful men in the world, and had a long friendship with Pope John Paul II, who already considered her a living Patron of Hospitality.

She remained in charge of her congregation as long as health permitted her to, continuing to serve among her people, and died in her Calcutta the age of 87. John Paul II started a special beatification process for her, only two years after her death, to confirm the holiness that accompanied her throughout her life.

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13 May 2017 – Fatima’s centenary http://192.168.99.122/com/saints-and-blessed/13-may-2017-fatimas-centenary/ Thu, 22 Jun 2017 14:47:12 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=375 On 13 May, faithful throughout the world celebrated the Holiday of Our Lady of Fatima. This year, however, it was a very special celebration: it was the centenary of Mary’s first appearance to the three shepherds Francesco, Jacinta and Lucia. On May 13th, 1917, the […]

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On 13 May, faithful throughout the world celebrated the Holiday of Our Lady of Fatima.

This year, however, it was a very special celebration: it was the centenary of Mary’s first appearance to the three shepherds Francesco, Jacinta and Lucia. On May 13th, 1917, the three children, while aiming to graze the herd at Cova da Iria (Conca di Iria), in the surroundings of Fátima, a small town in Portugal, saw a cloud descending over them, and from that cloud emerged a woman dressed in white and carrying a Rosary in her hands.

That was only Her first apparition, as the beautiful lady asked the children to return to that place on the 13th of each month, for the next five months. During these meetings, she revealed to the children and to the other witnesses great wonders and secrets about the destiny of all humanity.

Fatima’s apparitions have been recognized by the Catholic Church since 1930: the Portuguese town became the center of a cult that still attracts thousands of pilgrims every year.

On May 12th and 13th, Pope Francis went to the Sanctuary of Fatima and was welcomed by thousands of believers in prayer, to celebrate the centenary. During the celebration, he canonized the two shepherds, Francesco and Jacinta, who died very young. The Pontiff recalled the importance of the figure of Mary for Christians all over the world: the way she, with her humility, mercy and devotion, becomes vehicle between God and men, as a lovely and immensely good mother.

“If we want to be Christians, we must be Marians: we must therefore recognize the fundamental, vital and providential relationship that unites our Lady with Jesus, and opens the way that leads us to Him”, said the Pope during the candle blessing in the Cappellina of Apparitions.

The statue of Our Lady of Fatima, in the sanctuary erected where the Virgin appeared to the three shepherds, is worshiped by faithful from all over the world.

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Pentecost: the day when we celebrate the Holy Spirit and the birth of the Church http://192.168.99.122/com/religious-items/pentecost-day-celebrate-holy-spirit-birth-church/ Tue, 20 Jun 2017 14:45:38 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=372 Pentecost is perhaps, after Easter, one of the most important festivities of the Catholic Church. It’s the celebration of the descent of the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Most Holy Trinity, after the Resurrection of Jesus and, in a sense, the very birth […]

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Pentecost is perhaps, after Easter, one of the most important festivities of the Catholic Church. It’s the celebration of the descent of the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Most Holy Trinity, after the Resurrection of Jesus and, in a sense, the very birth of the Church.

It originally coincided with the Jewish celebration of Shavout, a celebration dedicated to the harvest in the period following Easter. On this occasion, the Jews thanked God for the fruits the land gave to them. Later on, it also became the commemoration of the day Moses received the Ten Commandments on top of Mount Sinai.

Today Catholics celebrate the Pentecost 50 days after Easter. The remembrance of the Jewish holiday is still there, especially in the thankful approach of the faithful to God. In fact even in Christian Pentecost we speak of a great and precious gift God wanted to give to His people: the Grace of the Holy Spirit. In the second chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, Mary and the Apostles gathered to celebrate Pentecost with the usual pilgrimage to Jerusalem, like many Jews. The Holy Ghost descended upon them in the form of a roar from the sky and tongues of fire, which flashed each one of them. From that moment on, they were able to speak any language.

The sanctifying features of the Holy Spirit are a symbol of unification and inspiration for the apostles who, after this miraculous meeting, feel they have to begin their ecumenical mission and create the Church. Before this episode, the Holy Spirit was not described as a divine person. Only in the New Testament, the vision of the Spirit of God as an impersonal force that plots the destinies of the universe is joined together with the cult of His personality: the Holy Spirit becomes a personification of God’s love towards His children, infinite wisdom used when teaching the disciples of Jesus to become promoters of truth and salvation among men. It is often depicted as a white dove, or like the flame tongues that would have touched Mary and the Apostles.

The Holy Spirit offers many gifts to those who receive it: wisdom, intellect, advice, strength, science, pity, and fear of God. All faithful benefit from the Baptism before and the Confirmation after. Pentecost is a celebration involving all faithful and especially their families, held in the grace of the Holy Spirit and more united and strong against the difficulties of every day.

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The feast of Corpus Christi http://192.168.99.122/com/church-supplies/feast-corpus-christi/ Thu, 15 Jun 2017 14:44:41 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=369 The feast of Corpus Christi (“Body of Christ”) ends the festival that follows after Easter. It is celebrated on Thursday after the celebration of the Holy Trinity, although in many countries it falls on the following Sunday. The feast of Corpus Christi celebrates the real […]

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The feast of Corpus Christi (“Body of Christ”) ends the festival that follows after Easter. It is celebrated on Thursday after the celebration of the Holy Trinity, although in many countries it falls on the following Sunday. The feast of Corpus Christi celebrates the real presence of Christ during the Eucharist, therefore opposing the theory of Berengario di Tours, who claimed that such presence was not real but merely symbolic. This commemoration was born in the 13th century after the visions of a Belgian mystic, Giuliana of Retìne, and commemorates the origin of the mystery of the Eucharist.

In the vision of Giuliana di Retìne, the moon was full, white and shining, with a shadowy area. The mystic woman interpreted that apparition as the lack of a celebration that commemorated the Eucharist in the Church at the time for what it really was: the incarnation of Christ in the bread of the last supper. Subsequently, as to give credit to this conviction, the Eucharistic miracle of Bolsena took place: blood-drops dropped from a consecrated host and spotted the corporal worn by the priest and some of the altar’s stones. From that moment, Pope Urban IV, Giuliana’s friend and confidant, ordained that the solemnity of the Corpus Christy was official and extended to the entire church.

The corporal of the Bolsena’s miracle is still a very important element for this celebration. Every year, on Sundays after the feast of Corpus Christi, it is brought to procession along the streets of Orvieto.

The feast of Corpus Christi celebrates the relationship between the Eucharist and the Church. The Eucharist represents as the body of Christ, the Church as its mystical body, which takes origins and its deepest meaning from the former.

Everywhere the feast of Corpus Christi is celebrated with commemoration and mostly processions in which a consecrated host is exhibited to the faithful, a symbol of Jesus made of flesh and blood who sacrificed himself for us all.

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The role of the priest in the Holy Communion http://192.168.99.122/com/religious-items/role-priest-holy-communion/ Tue, 13 Jun 2017 14:43:27 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=366 The role of the priest in the Communion’s preparations is important and complex in its gestures, words and symbols, defined since the origins of the Church in a precise and recurring ritual. The purpose of this ritual is to prepare the group of Faithful to […]

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The role of the priest in the Communion’s preparations is important and complex in its gestures, words and symbols, defined since the origins of the Church in a precise and recurring ritual.

The purpose of this ritual is to prepare the group of Faithful to the moment when, by consuming Bread and Wine, the sacrifice of love of Jesus Christ will be renewed once again, and His promise of hope offered to all men of goodwill.

The priest who prepares the faithful to the Holy Communion becomes the guide and vehicle not just to the Eucharist, but to Jesus Himself represented by it. The common prayers, the Pater Noster above all, a sign of respect and solemnity, symbolize the path of faith, our internal journey together with the other faithful. The Eucharist is, above all, a moment of community and devotion, and needs to be celebrated as such.

Following the prayers and the exchange of the sign of peace, a gesture that confirms the will of communion and unity of the assembly, the priest breaks the bread, symbolized by the Great Ostia, eats a piece, raises the chalice and recites: “The Body And the Blood of Christ, together in this cup, are for us food of eternal life”. From that moment, the host and the chalice are in all respects the body and blood of Christ, with His blessing and grace.

Agnus Dei is also a time for meditation and community prayer, when the faithful are preparing themselves to accept Communion. The priest prays too, silently, and asks to be purified through the Body and Blood of Christ, which become for him and for all a protection for the soul. Communion is followed by a moment of silence: the immensity of the mystery, and the fact that we just received the body and blood of Christ, requires it even during a moment of community and devotion.

The prayer after the Holy Communion, and the Amen with which the faithful responds to it, brings the ritual of Communion back on a communal level and to its end.

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Sant’Agostino d’Ippona: philosopher, bishop and theologian http://192.168.99.122/com/saints-and-blessed/santagostino-dippona-philosopher-bishop-theologian/ Thu, 08 Jun 2017 13:10:21 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=363 Very few men of faith can be compared to Sant’Agostino d’Ippona. He was not only a great theologian and bishop, philosopher and doctor of the Church. Sant’Agostino d’Ippona put his higher sensitivity and genius in the service of Faith as a priest, but also as […]

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Very few men of faith can be compared to Sant’Agostino d’Ippona. He was not only a great theologian and bishop, philosopher and doctor of the Church. Sant’Agostino d’Ippona put his higher sensitivity and genius in the service of Faith as a priest, but also as orator, writer of some of the most beautiful and intimate pages that ecclesiastical literature can recall.

A great man, an elevated mind who discovered Faith after long inner labor: it is perhaps because of the sufferings of this research that his reflections are so deep, and so strenuous his defense of orthodoxy.

Born African, Roman for culture and mentality, Christian for education taught by his mother, Sant’Agostino was a teacher of rhetoric and grammar in Tagaste, Carthage and Rome.

He moved away from Catholicism when very young, and followed for some time the Manicheans, seeking the truth and wisdom he was looking for through rationalism, materialism and dualism they professed.

Only later, and mostly because of the preaching of St. Ambrose, he came to the conclusion that the journey to Jesus was through Church and the Holy Scriptures he had given it.

When he came to this new revelation, he renounced teaching and the marriage, and took the vows. After many trips he settled in Hippo and founded a monastery. He later became bishop. He led a lifetime of asceticism, devoting himself to study, theology, and preaching, as well as charitable works for orphans, poor and infirm. His long journeys led him to be the chair of numerous councils and to stand up as proud defender of faith against heresies.

Sant’Agostino d’Ippona was certainly the first and one of the greatest Christian philosophers. His many works speak of the search of God, but always through self-knowledge, deep reflection on man’s nature, eternity, time, freedom, and evil.

The moral doctrine he spread is a doctrine based on love, a love that from his writings emerges in an almost sensual, profoundly and desperately human way.

A magnificent speaker, a formidable dialect master, he studied the works of his opponents, respecting the diversity of thought. Among his most important works we remember: the Confessions, the City of God, the Speeches, and the Letters.

His image is among the most common statues of saints; His depictions recall his life and the greatness of his intellect throughout the Christian world. Sant’Agostino d’Ippona is still considered as one of the Fathers of Western spirituality: a master of faith and life, shepherd of souls and inspiration for hungry minds looking of knowledge and beauty. The superior beauty which in his mind and works coincided with God.

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5 questions and 5 answers to the altar wine http://192.168.99.122/com/religious-items/5-questions-5-answers-altar-wine/ Tue, 06 Jun 2017 13:09:24 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=360 During the Last Supper, Jesus offered his disciples bread and wine, celebrating therefore the first Eucharist. Bread becomes body, wine becomes blood, in a solemn ritual that transcends every human understanding, but which has been renewed every day for thousands of years, throughout the world, […]

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During the Last Supper, Jesus offered his disciples bread and wine, celebrating therefore the first Eucharist. Bread becomes body, wine becomes blood, in a solemn ritual that transcends every human understanding, but which has been renewed every day for thousands of years, throughout the world, in the name of infinite love: a promise of hope, salvation and freedom from sins for all men. Beyond the theological and indisputable dogma which this statement is based on, there are some lovely human curiosities we would like to explore with you.

For instance, what wine is used for Mass?

A natural wine, produced according to Article 924 of the Code of Canon Law. It can be produced by a convent or by a laic business: the important thing is that it has received permission from the curia, and meets the chemical requirements. Wine can be either white or red. For example we suggest Martinez’s mass wine, a sweet and liqueur wine produced by the historic Martinez company under the supervision of the Vicar of Fornae, with the Bishop’s permission, or the Morreale’s mass wine, also produced according to the applicable Canon Law and with The bishop of Mazara del Vallo’s permission. The choice of liqueur wines is because they’re easier to preserve.

Is it correct to mix wine and water?

Absolutely yes. In addition to the fact that it was normal to dilute the wine with water at the time of Jesus, there is also a symbolic reason. Water symbolizes the human nature of Jesus mixed with the divine one, represented by the altar wine. Furthermore, mixing water and wine reminds of Jesus who, by taking our sins on him, erases them.

Bread and wine have the same importance in the Eucharist?

Yes. The Priest is obliged to consecrate both and consume them during the celebration. If he’s a non-drinker, it can be limited to a minimum quantity of wine, or even just dip the consecrated host. Instead, the priest can decide whether to give the faithful only one of the two elements or both, since Jesus is present in both bread and wine. The choice in this case depends on the priest.

What to do if the wine falls

Consecrated wine is, in all respects, the blood of Christ, and as such sacred. It can’t be poured in vain, it absolutely can’t be thrown away, and punishment is excommunication. If there’s wine left in the cup, the celebrant must drink it. Throughout the rite, wine must be covered by a small veil, because no external body can contaminate it. If it falls accidentally, it is necessary to wash the area with water which will then be poured into the sacristy of the sacristy.

And what if a non-priest drinks wine outside the Mass?

Well, it’s wine, which could be more or less nice. What makes it special is not the taste, but its consecration. If, however, it’s drunk outside the Mass with a blasphemous purpose, the punishment is excommunication.

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Birth and evolution of confraternities: from Roman times to today http://192.168.99.122/com/monasteries/birth-evolution-confraternities-roman-times-today/ Thu, 01 Jun 2017 13:08:20 +0000 http://192.168.99.122/com/?p=357 Confraternities are associations of laic Christians who decide to gather together to promote aggregation, increase devotion and worship, and perform charity, penance and catechesis. They’ve existed since the origins of Christianity in Roman times, and quite likely the first confraternities took inspiration from secular institutions […]

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Confraternities are associations of laic Christians who decide to gather together to promote aggregation, increase devotion and worship, and perform charity, penance and catechesis. They’ve existed since the origins of Christianity in Roman times, and quite likely the first confraternities took inspiration from secular institutions before them, such as Roman collegia or Greek fraterie.

Over the centuries they have assumed different denominations from region to region from confraternities to caritas, consortia to sodalitium, gilda or schola, or even company or congregation.

Regardless the name, confraternities usually start within the Church. Only the ecclesiastical authority can recognize its validity and change its statute and everything that has to do with it.

Those within the brotherhood maintain their laic state, unlike the first confraternities in which only members of the clergy could participate. They do not have to take the votes, and they can follow their human, working, and family lives.

Starting as prayer’s communities, collective reading of the scriptures, but also to assist infirm and poor, orphans and foreigners, medieval confraternities frequently practiced self-depravation and other forms of cruel penitence to invoke divine mercy. In particular we recall the battenti and the disciplinati, who in the 11th century would scorn themselves in procession to commemorate the Passion of Christ.

From the sixteenth century, the tendency of confraternities shifted more to the practice of charity, the creation of hospitals and shelters, and common devotional practice. In particular, we recall the “Bianchi”, dressed in a white flax-colored sail with cap and a red cross on the chest.

Amongst other things we have to thank the confraternities for the preservation of much of the artistic and cultural heritage of the church, works and documents preserved in their archives, such as the Seven Works of Mercy painted by Caravaggio for the Church of Pius Monte della Misericordia of Naples and The Stabat Mater of Pergolesi made for the Arciconfraternity of the Knights of the Virgin of the Seven Sorrows of Naples.

The contribution of the confraternities was fundamental against the spread of Protestantism in Italy and in the struggle against heresies. They still play a crucial role today in the life of laic Christians, bound together by their desire to face the small and great vicissitudes together. The traditions of the past have remained in the colors of the gown that the members of confraternities wear, and the medallions of the confraternities that portray the effigy of the group they belong to.

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